Basil is an annual plant, aromatic, used in many kitchens. Flavor and character to a variety of basil can be affected by many environmental factors including temperature, soil type, geographic location and even rainfall.
Basil possesses a thin and branched root that grows in stalks that can reach 60 cm high, with many leaves and purple flowers unique because the two lips. Their colors vary from white to red – and sometimes a shade of purple flowers can be detected. Basil is used in the preparation of various remedies effective and beneficial so it is very useful knowing how to grow basil.
Basil is originally from the Indian sub-continent, is now cultivated in many other parts of the world. At the moment, are grown at least 150 varieties, each has its own essential oil and is characterized by its distinctive flavor – they are used in different processes and recipes. Easier and less acidic soil, well drained and rich in nutrients, as much humus and minerals is ideal. Basil can tolerate a pH variation from 4.3 to 8.4 and grows well between these optimum values. Basil should soaked and exposed to direct sunlight during growth. Because seeds are planting at a depth of 6 mm depth, soil needs watering throughout the time of germination (8-14 days)
After all danger of frost has passed, the plants can be transferred into a well moistened and loose soil from the outside, a space between 30 and 45 cm must be maintained between them. You should also know about how to grow basil that basil does not tolerate temperatures below 5 ° C, and if the temperature is too low, the plant could die, so it’s important in knowing how to grow basil to keep the plants covered with protective plastic whenever cool weather especially during the night and early morning.
To maintain continuous production plant leaves need to pick the stems of flowers from time to time – this way the plant will grow again. A problem about how to grow basil is that it is also quite vulnerable to certain diseases such as leaf stains, if the ambient humidity is high (during rain). In addition, you must be careful to aphids that can infest the plant easily.
Once the basil rises and yields a second pair of leaves, should be immediately transferred in groups of 3 to 5 plants and placed in pots of 10 cm diameter to allow plant growth at an optimal rate. Pots of basil should be kept in a well exposed to sunlight in the house, for optimal growth of basil is required a minimum of 5 hours of direct exposure to sunlight.